A History of Violence: Muslim Mercenaries in European Armies

A History of Violence: Muslim Mercenaries in European Armies

Although the peoples of Europe are rightly aghast at the prospect of ethnic and cultural displacement by the unprecedented wave of Muslims entering the continent, largely at the invitation of German Chancellor Angela Merkel, history shows that European governments find them to be useful. Since Islam burst onto the world scene in 632 A.D., Muslims have not only fought against Christian kings, but have fought for them, as well.

The Christian princes of Europe fought each often and did not hesitate to hire Muslim mercenaries for this task. Thus, the princes of Italy paid for Muslim mercenaries.[1] In 835 A.D., the Neapolitans hired Saracens from Sicily, to defend their city against the Lombard ruler, Prince Sicard.[2] And the city of Benevento hired Muslim mercenaries from North Africa in 842.[3]

King Roger the Great of Sicily (1095-1134) supplemented his Norman force with Muslim mercenaries. Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II, emptied the Italian city of Lucera of Christians, in order to house Muslims from Sicily, whom he employed as soldiers.[4]

In the 1300s, Grand Duke Vytautas of Lithuania accepted Muslim refugees into his realm. These Muslims, known as the Lipka Tatars, were led by Tokhtamysh, who had lost a war to the infamous Mongol Khan, Tamerlane. As part of the asylum agreement, the Tatars owed military service to the state. Their cavalry regiment helped defeat the German Teutonic Knights at the Battle of Tannenberg in 1410.

The European practice of hiring and recruiting Muslim soldiers did not end with the Renaissance or the Enlightenment. Tatars served in the armed forces of Peter the Great (1689-1725) and Empress Catherine the Great.[5]

In the Colonial Era, Muslim soldiers put down anti-European revolts by their coreligionists. Thus the French could take over Muslim West Africa with their help, while the British were able to defeat the Dervishes in the Sudan, with an Anglo-Egyptian army that was 50% Muslim.[6]

In the 20th Century, Muslim troops were decisively used in the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939). In that conflict, Nationalist leader General Francisco Franco had the loyalty of the Army of Africa, a formation composed of Moroccan units and Spanish colonials. Along with the Spanish Foreign Legion, it was considered the best-trained and most experienced force in the Spanish Army. By 1939, the Nationalists (with Italian and German help) had defeated the Socialist government, due in no small part to the loyalty of Muslim troops.

The world of 1939 is gone, but not the association of Muslims with European governments: Paris has admitted many Algerians, just as London admits Pakistanis. Even Scandinavian governments, without similar colonial associations, have imported large numbers of Muslim refugees, in part due to pressure from the EU.

In October 2015, German Chancellor Angela Merkel abruptly announced that her nation would not limit the number of Islamic refugees entering the country. Almost overnight, a flood of Muslims headed toward Europe. In a matter of weeks, over 800,000 Muslims arrived in Germany alone. In reaction, Hungary closed its borders, followed by other European nations. Merkel’s refugee policy has since caused a dramatic rise in the popularity of Nationalist political movements in Germany and elsewhere.

On 18 November 2015, Bjorn Höcke, who is a member of the opposition Alternative for Germany Party and an elected representative for the State of Thuringia, spoke about the massive refugee invasion. According to him, German soldiers are being ordered to evacuate their barracks, in order to make room for the Muslims, nearly all of whom are able-bodied men of military-age.[7] Why would Chancellor Merkel want to house Islamic refugees on German military bases? Will she use them to write yet another page in the age-old story of using Muslim mercenaries, to defeat political rivals?

Patrick Cloutier

Mr. Cloutier is the author of Three Kings: Axis Royal Armies on the Russian Front 1942.

[1] Michael C. Howard, Transnationalism in Ancient and Medieval Societies. The Role of Cross-Border Trade and Travel (Jefferson: McFarland & Co., 2012) 218.

[2] Hunt Justin with Ursula Carlson, Mercenaries in Medieval and Renaissance Europe (Jefferson: McFarland & Co., 2013) 6-7.

[3] Scott G. Bruce, Cluny and the Muslims of La Garde-Freinet. Hagiography and the Problem of Islam in Medieval Europe (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2015)

[4] RHC Davis, A History of Medieval Europe. From Constantine to Saint Louis (New York: Routledge, 2013)

[5] David Motadel, Islam and the European Empires (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014) 42-43.

[6] A. Ernest Dupuy and Trevor N. Dupuy, The Encyclopedia of Military History. 3500 B.C. to the Present (New York: Harper and Row, 1986) 848.

[7] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nQ72wsiUWCE

America and the Battle for Germany

America and the Battle for Germany

     Thirty-six years ago, naïve thinking in the White House led to a US retreat across the world stage, in the face of communism. Ronald Reagan appeared and offered Americans strong leadership in a world of crisis. He contained communism and his policies eventually brought an end to the Cold War. Today, after 8 years of ineffective leadership that has crippled America abroad and torn her apart at home, the people have chosen Donald Trump to lead in the face of an even greater threat: the Islamic invasion of the West.

     Although the Communist Bloc was a military threat to the West, the US and her European allies stood firm and successfully developed economic and military deterrents, which prevented everyone’s worst fear – a Warsaw Pact invasion. Nor were communist governments able to eradicate Western Civilization in the minds of their captive peoples, often having to use its symbols to legitimize their rule. And once communism dissipated, Eastern Europe quickly reclaimed the pillars of Western thought and governance. Indeed, in many ways, the Western identity of former Warsaw Pact members is stronger than ever: no Islamic invasion threatens them.

     In the capitals of western Europe, however, political dilettantes and mattoids are striving to impose a super-state across the continent, without the consent of the governed. But they may only build it upon the ruins of Europe. To this end, leaders like German Chancellor Angela Merkel have handed their nations over to millions of violent Muslim refugees, who are ready to commit any atrocity under the green banner of Islam. However, before Chancellor Merkel and those like her could betray their own people, they first had to undermine the NATO Treaty.

     According to the Treaty preamble, NATO members are pledged “to safeguard the freedom, common heritage, and civilization of their [historic] peoples.” Angela Merkel’s refugee policy violates that mission statement, as well as two Treaty articles, which require members to promote conditions of internal stability (Article 2) and prohibit members from entering international agreements that conflict with the Treaty (Article 8).[1] Thus, Merkel’s project for cleansing Germany of Germans, under the cover of an EU agreement, has no legitimacy – and only the mistakenly assumed legitimacy of her actions has prevented Germans from rising up en masse in revolt.

     As the leader of the senior partner of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, President Trump can directly address Chancellor Merkel’s treaty violations. A first step would be to align with the patriotic AfD Party and help restore order in Germany, which is reeling from a Muslim jihadist crisis that has grown beyond police control.[2] The United States and its allies can send military reinforcements to Germany, in order to support the German police and military, while civil institutions reverse the Muslim migrant flow.

     On a grand strategic level, the Trump Administration can take the lead in driving Islam out of Europe, from the Arctic Circle to the toe of Italy, from the Atlantic Ocean to the Aegean Sea. To this end, the United States should align itself with nationalist European leaders like Marine Le Pen, Geert Wilders, and Victor Orban, and movements like BREXIT. The US must also stand ready to support and supply European armies, like Sweden’s, which have been weakened[3] to such a point that they may not be able to cope with an Islamic insurgency. All the while, the US should help civil institutions promote self-deportation of Muslim refugees.

     From a broad perspective, the United States should cultivate a strategic partnership with Russia to defend the periphery of Europe, a first priority of which should be the defeat of ISIS in Syria. Alexis de Tocqueville once wrote that America and Russia seem marked out by the will of Heaven to sway the destiny of half the globe. If they work together to perpetuate the legacy of Western Civilization, there could not be a more appropriate use of their power.

     The Western World is at a crossroads in history. She can choose to fall to the hordes of Islam or she can choose a new Renaissance in a new Age of Reason, whose light travels far into the future, like the distant stars of the night. If she chooses Reason, then she must first win the Battle for Germany. And Trump, whose Presidency combines the three elements of man, moment, and means, must lead not only America, but all of Western Civilization.

Patrick Cloutier


Mr. Cloutier is the author of “Three Kings: Axis Royal Armies on the Russian Front 1941”.

[1] http://www.nato.int/cps/en/natolive/official_texts_17120.htm

[2] https://www.gatestoneinstitute.org/6668/germany-migrant-crime-wave

[3] http://www.breitbart.com/london/2015/08/09/report-swedens-national-defences-have-vanished-and-russia-is-laughing/

Was Death of Bin Laden in 2011 Fake News?


As everyone has been told, Osama bin Laden was killed by US Navy Seals, during the reign of President Barack Obama and Secretary of State Hillary Clinton. The event allegedly took place on the 2nd of May, 2011.[1] Yet there are persistent doubts, as to whether Bin Laden was killed that day.

One troubling part of the story is the lack of physical proof – Bin Laden’s body was disposed of very quickly, without media coverage. Photographs of the burial were not published – we are told – in order to avoid offending Muslims. Instead, Bin Laden was buried at sea, in a secret location – which is an offense to Muslims.[2] Coincidentally, nearly all the Navy Seals who carried out the raid, died soon after in a helicopter crash.

A second problem is that a number of high-level officials, including a former Prime Minister of Pakistan,[3] claim that Bin Laden died many years before – could they all be lying?[4]

Third, whether or not Bin Laden was killed on 2 May 2011, it appears that a story was manufactured, in order to convince the world he died in that raid. The Obama Administration offered a video, which it claimed was a home movie of Bin Laden, in his domestic compound; but there is no way to positively identify the man in the video.


And a still-image from the footage reveals an interesting coincidence: the room in which Osama bin Laden was allegedly filmed, has a brown and white color scheme, which was very common in US Army buildings. Compare the two images below:


Are the similar paint schemes a clue that the Bin Laden ‘home movie’ was faked on a US military installation? If so, was the death of Bin Laden on May 2, 2011 fake news?

Patrick Cloutier

Mr. Cloutier is an author and translator of several books and is the writer for anti-cominternblog.com.

Three Kings: Axis Royal Armies on the Russian Front 1941.

Three Kings: Axis Royal Armies on the Russian Front 1942.



[1] http://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/02/world/asia/osama-bin-laden-is-killed.html?_r=0

[2] https://www.theguardian.com/world/2011/may/02/sea-burial-osama-bin-laden

[3] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4MBTd5QNGB0

[4] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GcstJBy9Ut8